On Saturday May 17, 1997, rebel leader Laurent Kabila marched his soldiers into Zaire’s capital city Kinshasa and Zaire was officially renamed the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which was the country’s official name from 1964 to 1971. The war had begun in Zaire the previous autumn when, with support from Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi, Kabila pushed his forces into a full-scale rebellion against president Sese Seko Mobutu as the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo-Zaire. Kabila used children in the conflict and it was estimated that up to 10,000 children served under him. After making his entrance into Kinshasa on May 20 and being sworn in on May 31, he remained president until he was assassinated on January 16, 2001. He was succeeded eight days later by his son Joseph.
Events were captured by Gilles Peress with an unflinching perspective on the brutal realities of the situation, presented here in his edit. Speaking in October 1997, Gilles Peress described his photographic approach at that time in his career: “I work much more like a forensic photographer in a certain way, collecting evidence. I’ve started to take more still lifes, like a police photographer, collecting evidence as a witness. I’ve started to borrow a different strategy than that of the classic photojournalist.”