"Ultimately, photography is about who you are. It's the seeking of truth in relation to yourself. And seeking truth becomes a habit."

- Leonard Freed

b. 1929

d. 2006

American

Estates

Born in 1929, in Brooklyn, New York, to working-class Jewish parents of Eastern European descent, Leonard Freed first wanted to become a painter. However, he began taking photographs while in the Netherlands in 1953, and discovered that this was what he was passionate about. In 1954, after trips through Europe and North Africa, he returned to the United States and studied in Alexei Brodovitch’s “design laboratory.” He moved to Amsterdam in 1958 and photographed the Jewish community there. He pursued this concern in numerous books and films, examining German society and his own Jewish roots. His book on the Jews in Germany was published in 1961, and Made in Germany, about post-war Germany, appeared in 1965. Working as a freelance photographer from 1961 onward, Freed began to travel widely, photographing Black citizens in America (1964–65), events in Israel (1967–68), the Yom Kippur War in 1973, and the New York City police department (1972–79). He also shot four films for Japanese, Dutch, and Belgian television.

Early in Freed’s career, Edward Steichen, then Director of Photography at the Museum of Modern Art, bought three of his photographs for the museum. Steichen told Freed that he was one of the three best young photographers he had seen and urged him to remain an amateur, as the other two were then doing commercial photography and their work had become uninteresting. “Preferably,” he advised, “be a truck driver.”

Freed became a member of Magnum in 1972. His coverage of the American civil rights movement first made him famous, but he also produced major essays on Poland, Asian immigration in England, North Sea oil development, and Spain after Franco. Photography became Freed’s means of exploring societal violence and racial discrimination.

Leonard Freed died in Garrison, New York, on November 30, 2006.

Selected works

Social Issues

This is the Day: The March on Washington

Leonard Freed

The day Martin Luther King Jr delivered his iconic 'I have a dream' speech captured by American photographer Leonard Freed

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