Emerging in 1930, the Nation of Islam was a political and religious movement that called for Black Americans to form a separatist and self-sufficient society. On assignment to document the group in the early 1960s, Eve Arnold followed the Black nationalist movement’s members and leaders to meetings and rallies, and – in particular – profiled a senior figure in the group who was to become its most recognizable figurehead of the period: Malcolm X. While his famous endorsement of the ‘by any means necessary’ stance set him at odds with prominent pacifist African American leaders like Dr Martin Luther King, Malcolm X is to this day a hero figure to many tired of systemic racism, as well as widespread police and government brutality.

Magnum Editions 8×10″ and Contact Sheet pairings allow you to follow the photographer’s process, frame by frame, giving insight into the decisions taken to create the final iconic image, sold alongside the contact sheet as an 8×10″ print. This pairing features intimate portraits of Malcolm X visiting enterprises owned by Black Muslims.

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