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Politics

JFK for President

A look back at Cornell Capa's iconic coverage of John F. Kennedy's 1960 election campaign on the centennial of his birth

Cornell Capa

Cornell Capa | JFK for President John F. Kennedy during the nationwide whistle-stop campaign tour that took him to 25 towns in 5 days. USA. September, 1960. © Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos

On the occasion of the centennial of John F. Kennedy’s birth, Magnum Photos releases a collection of fine prints documenting JFK’s campaign and presidency, which can be viewed here.

Politics, the greatest of American sports, was to remain one of the dominant preoccupations of my work well into the 1960s,” wrote Cornell Capa, Magnum photographer, and founder of the International Centre of Photography, in New York. The younger brother of Robert Capa, one of the agency’s co-founders, Cornell’s contribution to photojournalism was notably distinct from that of his sibling. Where Robert was foremost a war photographer, Cornell was a self-proclaimed photographer of peace; his work dealing primarily with the themes of social justice and politics. His coverage for Life Magazine of John F. Kennedy’s successful presidential run in 1960 is notable for being both a documentation of an important event in American history and an intimate portrait of the country’s youngest ever elected President’s rise to power.

Cornell Capa | JFK for President John F. Kennedy campaigning. USA. 1960. © Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos
Cornell Capa | JFK for President John F. Kennedy campaigning. USA. 1960. © Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos

"Politics, the greatest of American sports, was to remain one of the dominant preoccupations of my work well into the 1960s"

- Cornell Capa
Cornell Capa | JFK for President John F. Kennedy reaches his hands into a crowd. California, USA. 1960. © Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos

Cornell quickly progressed from the darkroom of Life Magazine’s New York offices, where he began working in 1937, to become a staff photographer for the publication in 1946. Although he had done a small amount of political coverage for Life during his initial years there, it wasn’t until early 1952, while living in London, that Cornell really became interested in American politics after hearing the then-presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson speaking on the radio. Captivated by his political oratory and energy, Cornell secured an assignment with Life to return to the US to document Stevenson’s campaign.

Cornell Capa | JFK for President John F. Kennedy and his wife Jackie during a ticker tape parade in Manhattan. New York, USA. 1960. © Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos

He would continue to photograph Stevenson for the next eight years, documenting two unsuccessful presidential campaigns. It was only at the beginning of his third in 1960 that Cornell first encountered JFK. Initially resentful of this new presidential candidate and the competition he presented for Stevenson, Cornell went on to write: “I feel the surge of response that Kennedy evoked from young people, the kind of excitement that Adlai rarely elicited from them”. He gradually accepted that Stevenson’s time was past and preceded to document Kennedy’s campaign trail: the never-ending succession of public appearances and the floods of enthused supporters in attendance.

Cornell Capa | JFK for President John F. Kennedy campaigning. USA. 1960. © Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos
Cornell Capa | JFK for President John F. Kennedy campaigning. USA. 1960. © Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos

"I feel the surge of response that Kennedy evoked from young people, the kind of excitement that Adlai rarely elicited from them"

- Cornell Capa
Cornell Capa | JFK for President John F. Kennedy accepting the nomination at the 1960 Democratic Convention. Los Angeles, CA, USA. 1960. © Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos

Reminded of Franklin D. Roosevelt by JFK’s inauguration speech, Cornell was inspired to continue photographing for his first hundred days in office. Spearheading the project himself, along with eight other Magnum photographers and seven writers and historians, he collated the work into the acclaimed book Let Us Begin: The First 100 Days of the Kennedy Administration. Through his photographs Cornell gives us a rare insight into the beginning days of a presidency: from meetings with political advisors and state leaders, to the more intimate moments of the President and his young family settling into their new home.

Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography President John F. Kennedy. Washington DC, USA. 1961. © Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos
Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography President John F. Kennedy. Washington DC, USA. 1961. © Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos
Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography President John F. Kennedy. Washington DC, USA. 1961. © Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos

His coverage of the presidential run is also a testament to his abiding ethos of The Concerned Photographer, which governed all his work. The title of his 1968 book, this phrase was and continues to be indicative of any photographer dedicated to producing “images in which genuine human feeling predominates.” Indeed his photographs of JFK infuse a historic political event with an unprecedented humanity, successfully capturing the energy and emotion that permeated Kennedy’s rise to and time as President.

Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography President Kennedy in the Oval Office of the White House. Washington DC, USA. 1961. © Cornell Capa © International Center of Photography | Magnum Photos