Raymond Depardon

French, b. 1942

Raymond Depardon, born in France in 1942, began taking photographs on his family farm in Garet at the age of 12. Apprenticed to a photographer-optician in Villefranche-sur-Saône, he left for Paris in 1958.

He joined the Dalmas agency in Paris in 1960 as a reporter, and in 1966 he co-founded the Gamma agency, reporting from all over the world. From 1974 to 1977, as a photographer and film-maker, he covered the kidnap of a French ethnologist, François Claustre, in northern Chad. Alongside his photographic career, he began to make documentary films: 1974, Une Partie de Campagne and San Clemente.

In 1978 Depardon joined Magnum and continued his reportage work until the publication of Notes in 1979 and Correspondance New Yorkaise in 1981. In that same year, Reporters came out and stayed on the programme of a cinema in the Latin Quarter for seven months. In 1984 he took part in the DATAR project on the French countryside.

While still pursuing his film-making career, he received the Grand Prix National de la Photographie in 1991, but his films also won recognition: in 1995 his film Délits Flagrants, on the French justice system, received a César Award for best documentary, and in 1998 he undertook the first in a series of three films devoted to the French rural world. The Maison Européenne de la Photographie in Paris mounted an important exhibition of his work in 2000. The sequel to his work on French justice was shown as part of the official selection at the Cannes Film Festival in 2004.

As part of an initiative by the Fondation Cartier for contemporary art, Depardon made an installation of films on twelve large cities, shown in Paris, Tokyo and Berlin between 2004 and 2007. In 2006 he was invited to be artistic director of the Rencontres Internationales d'Arles. He spent five years photographing France with a view camera and a part of this road trip was exhibited at the François Mitterand Library (BnF) in 2010 and 2011. He has made eighteen feature-length films and published forty-seven books.

 

Awards

2004        Gold Plaque (for 10e Chambre – Instants d’Audiences),
            
  Chicago International Film Festival, USA
2000        Prix Nadar (best French photo book for Détours), France
2000        Ordre du Merite Agricole, France
1997        Mayor’s Prize (for Muriel Leferle), Yamagata International 
               Documentary Film Festival, Japan
1996        Grand Prize (for Afriques: Comment Ça Va Avec la Douleur?), 
               
Festival Documenta, München, Germany
1994        Cesar Award (best documentary for Délits Flagrants), France;
               Joris Ivens Award (for Délits Fragrants), International Documentary Film Festival,
               Netherlands
1991        Grand Prix National de la Photographie, France
1986        César Award (best short film for New York, NY)
1982        César Award (best documentary for Reporters)
1979        George Sadoul Prize (for Numéro Zéro)
1977        Pulitzer Prize
1973        Robert Capa Gold Medal

Exhibitions

2006        Raymond Depardon : Un Regard sur l'Alsace, Hôtel de région, Strasbourg, France
2005        Le Nord Pas-de-Calais vu par Raymond Depardon -  Hospice Comtesse, Lille,
               France
2005        Raymond Depardon: Photographer and Filmmaker - Nederlands Fotomuseum, 
               Rotterdam, Netherlands; Filmmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
2004        Alpes-Maritimes - Galerie de la Marine, Nice, France
2004        Jeux Olympiques - Hôtel de Ville de Paris, Paris, France
2004        7 x 3: Rio de Janeiro, Shanghai, Tokyo, Berlin, Moscow, Addis-Abeba, Cairo
               Fondation Cartier pour l’Art Contemporain, Paris, France
2002        Errance - Fundación Municipal de Cultura, Vallodolid, Spain
2001        Traversées - Casa de Francia, Mexico City, Mexico
2001        Errance - Alpa Gallery, Zurich, Switzerland
2000        Errance/Détours - Maison Européenne de la Photographie, Paris, France 
2000        La Solitude Heureuse du Voyageur - Institut Français, Budapest, 
               Hungary
1999        Voyages - Galerie FNAC Montparnasse, Paris, France
1999        Éthiopie - Forum Culturel, Le Blanc-Mesnil, France
1999        Silence Rompu - Galerie Fait et Cause, Paris, France
1998        La Solitude Heureuse du Voyageur - Centre de la Vieille-Charité, Marseille, 
               France ; Centre pour l’ Image Contemporaine, Geneva,  Switzerland
1997/98    En Afrique - Festival Musique Métis, Angoulème, France; Journées Africaines
               et Créoles, Montreal, Canada;Cinémathèque de Grenoble, Grenoble, France
1996/00   Traversée - Théâtre de la Passerelle, Gap, France; Aubenades de la Photographie,
               Aubenas, France; Andersen Consulting, Paris, France; Centrum
               Manggha, Krakow, Poland
1995        En Afrique - Galerie du Château d’Eau, Toulouse, France
1993        Depardon Cinéma - Galeries Photo FNAC, various cities, France
1992        Chronichler of Emptiness - Perspektief Center for Photography, Rotterdam, 
               Netherlands
1992        Sites et Jeux - Espace Malraux, Maison de la Culture, Chambéry, France
1990        17 Jours Dans les Pays de l’Est - Rencontres Internationales de la Photographie
               d’Arles, France
1986        Correspondance New-Yorkaise/San Clemente (selected photographs), Burden
               Gallery, Aperture Foundation, New York, USA
1986        La Ferme du Garet, Mission Datar - Centre d’ Arts Plastiques, Villefranche, France
1985        San Clemente - internationally travelling exhibition from 1985 onwards
1983        Le Désert Américain - Galeries Photo FNAC, various cities, France
1981        Correspondance New-Yorkaise - Galeries Photo FNAC, various cities, France

Books

2006        Depardon-New York (with Alain Bergala), éditions du Seuil, France
2006        La Solitude Heureuse du Voyageur précédé de Notes, éditions Points,
               France
2006        Photographies de Personnalités Politiques (with Jean Lacouture), Editions du Seuil,
               France
2005        Raymond Depardon: Fotograaf en Filmer/Photographer and Filmmaker, Nederlands 
               Fotomuseum/Nederlands Filmmuseum, Netherlands
2005        Afriques, Hazan Editions, France
2004        7x3, Actes Sud/Fondation Cartier pour l’Art Contemporain, France
2004        Paris Journal, Hazan Editions, France
2004        Images politiques, La Fabrique, France
2004        Jeux Olympiques, Éditions du Seuil, France
2004        Paroles Prisonnières, Éditions du Seuil, France
2003        06 Alpes Maritimes, Xavier Barral/Magnum Photos, France
2003        Piemonte: Una Definizione Fotografica, Agarttharte, Italy
2002        Désert, un Homme sans l’Occident, Éditions du Seuil, France
2002        Visa V, Littoral/Piétinements, Parcours, La Pointe du Raz, Éditions Filigranes, France
2000        À Tombeau Ouvert (with Josée Landrieu), Autrement, France
2000        Rêves de Désert (with Titouan Lamazou), Gallimard/Fondation Cartier pour l’Art
               Contemporain, France
2000        Loisirs, Fondation Cartier pour l’Art Contemporain, France
2000        Détours, Paris Audiovisuel, France
2000/04   Errance, Éditions du Seuil, France; Editions Points, France
1999/04   Corse (with Jean-Noël Pancrazi), Éditions du Seuil, France; Editions Points, France
1999        Photo Poche, Nathan, France
1998        Silence Rompu, La Joie de Lire, Switzerland
1998        La Solitude Heureuse du Voyageur, Musées de Marseille, France
1998        Voyages, Hazan, France
1996        La Porte des Larmes, Retour Vers l'Abyssinie (with Jean-Claude
               Guillebaud, Éditions du Seuil, France
1996        En Afrique, Éditions du Seuil, France
1995/97   La Ferme du Garet, Éditions Carré, France/Actes Sud, France (+2003)
1994        Les Routes du Lait, Éditions Contrejour/Cidil, France
1994        Return to Vietnam, Verso, UK and USA
1993/06   La Colline des Anges, Retour au Vietnam (with Jean-Claude Guillebaud), Éditions du
               Seuil, France; Editions Points, France
1993        Depardon Cinéma (with Frédéric Sabouraud), Les Cahiers du Cinéma, France
1992        Sites et Jeux: Les Jeux Olympiques d’Hiver à Albertville, Centre National de la 
               Photographie, France
1991        La Pointe du Raz, Marval, France
1988        Vues, Éditions Le Monde, France
1987/96   Hivers, Paris, Arfuyen, France
1986        Les Fiancées de Saïgon, Les Cahiers du cinéma, France
1984        San Clemente, Centre National de la Photographie, France
1983        Le Désert Américain, Éditions de l’Étoile, France
1981        Correspondance New-Yorkaise (with Alain Bergala), Libération/Éditions de l’Étoile, 
               France
1979        Notes, Arfuyen, France
1978        Tchad, Gamma, France
1977        Gilles Caron Reporter, Éditions le Chêne, France
1974        Chili (with Chas Gerretsen and David Burnett), Gamma, France
1973        Chili: Special Reporter-Objectif, Gamma, France
1968        Jeux Olympiques de Mexico (with Yves Nouchi), Solar, France
1961        SOS Sahara, Flammarion, France


Films (Shorts)

2005        Quoi de Neuf au Garet? (35mm, color, 10')
2004        7x3 (35mm, color, installation of seven films of 5' each)
2002        Chasseurs et Chamans (35mm, color, 32')
2000        Déserts (35mm, b&w, 10')
1997        Bolivia (35mm, color, 5') 
1997        Amours (35mm, b&w, 10')
1996        Malraux (35mm, color, 5')
1995        Montage (part of Délits flagrants) (35mm, b&w, 8')
1995        Parole d’Appelés (35mm, b&w, 30')  
1994        La Prom' (À propos de Nice, la Suite) (35mm, color, 12')
1992        Carthagena (Contre l’Oubli) (35mm, color, 13')
1993        Face à La Mer (35mm, color, 3 ½')
1990        Contacts (35mm, b&w, 13')
1990        Une Histoire Très Simple (35mm, b&w, 4')
1987        Le Petit Navire (35mm, b&w, 6')
1986        New York, NY (35mm, b&w, 10')
1982        Piparsod (16mm, color, 26')
1980        10 Minutes de Silence pour John Lennon (16mm, color, 10')
1976/77   Tibesti Too (35mm, b&w, 40')
1975/76   Tchad 2 et Tchad 3 (16mm, colour, 40')
1973        Yémen Arabia Félix (16mm, color, 19')
1970        Tchad 1, l’Embuscade (16mm, color, 12')
1969        Ian Palach (16mm, color, 12')

Films

2005        Profils Paysans: Le Quotidien (35mm, color, 90')
2004        10e Chambre – Instants d’Audiences (35mm, color, 105')
2003        Un Homme sans l’Occident (35mm, black-and-white, 105')
2000        Profils Paysans: l’Approche (35mm, color, 90')
1998        Paris (35mm, b&w, 95')  
1996        Muriel Leferle (35mm, color, 70')
1996        Afriques: Comment Ça Va Avec la Douleur? (35mm, color, 165')
1994        Délits Flagrants (35mm, color, 95')
1990        La Captive du Désert (35mm, color, 90')
1987        Urgences (35mm, color, 104')
1984/85   Empty Quarter (Une Femme en Afrique) (35mm, color, 90')
1984        Les Années Déclic (35mm, b&w, 68')
1983        Faits Divers (35mm, color, 108')
1982        San Clemente (16mm, b&w, 90')
1981        Reporters (35mm, color, 90')
1977        Numéro Zéro (16mm, color, 90')
1974        1974 - Une partie de campagne (35mm, color, 90'), released in 2002